1542 c. 26

 

1


Statutes made at Westminster, Anno 34 & 35 HEN. VIII. and Anno Dom. 1542-3.


Laws in Wales Act, 1542


1542 (34 & 35 Hen. 8) C A P. XXVI.


ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS


Section

2.  

Wales divide into twelve Shires.

3.  

Limitation of Hundreds by Commission.

4.  

President and Council.

5.  

Sessions of Wales twice in a Year.

6.  

Justice of Chester.

7.  

Justice of North Wales.

8.  

Justice of Radnor, &c.

9.  

Justice of Caermarthen.

10.  

Patents under the Great Seal.

11.  

Commissions already granted, to stand in Force.

12.  

Of what Things the Justices in Wales may hold Plea.

13.  

14.  

Sessions shall endure six Days.

15.  

Days in Court.

16.  

Original Seals in whose Custody they shall be.

17.  

18.  

19.  

20.  

21.  

What shall be sealed with the original Seals.

22.  

The Keeper of the Seals may award Process against Accomptants, returnable before themselves.

23.  

Stewards of Manors may hold Courts and Leets.

24.  

Stewards or Sheriffs shall not enquire of Felony.

25.  

26 H. 8. c. 6.

26.  

Officers of Corporate Towns may hold Pleas and determine Actions.

27.  

The King may dissolve Boroughs, and erect others by his Letters Patents.

28.  

Officers certain Fees shall continue, but not their casual Fees.

29.  

There shall be four judicial Seals, in whose Custody they shall be, and what shall be sealed with them.

30.  

Account for the Profit of the Seal.

31.  

Teste of every Process.

32.  

What Process shall be sealed with the original Seal.

33.  

Personal Actions of xl. s. or above.

34.  

Personal Actions under xl. s.

35.  

Original Bill concerning Actions personal.

36.  

Fees for writing and sealing of Writs and Bills.

37.  

Debt or Damage not amounting to xl. s.

38.  

Process sealed with the judicial Seal, and the Fees.

39.  

40.  

Recoveries, Fines, Concords, &c. taken before the Justices.

41.  

Of what Force Fines levied before the Justices shall be.

42.  

Fines to the King upon Recoveries or Fines.

43.  

King's Silver.

44.  

There shall be four Prenotaries, and upon whom they shall attend.

45.  

A Marshal and a Crier, and their Fees.

46.  

47.  

The Prenotaries Fees.

48.  

Bills of Debt, Detinue, Trespass, &c.

49.  

50.  

Original Writs upon Actions personal.

51.  

Writs of the Peace and good Abearing.

52.  

The King shall have Fines, Issues, Amerciaments.

53.  

Justices of Peace besides President and Council.

54.  

Custos Rotulorum, and by whom appointed.

55.  

How many Justices of Peace in one Shire.

56.  

The Justices of Peace, their Oath.

57.  

The Justices Sessions, Authority and Fees.

58.  

The Fees of the Justices and Clerk of the Peace.

59.  

Taxing of Fines and Amerciaments.

60.  

Fines, Forfeitures and Amerciament to be estreated.

61.  

Sheriffs in every Shire of Wales, and how they shall be nominated.

62.  

The Sheriffs Authority and Duty in Wales.

63.  

The Sheriffs Duty in Administration of Justice.

64.  

Sheriffs Accompt and Fee.

65.  

Enforced by 3 Geo. 1. c. 15. § 22.

66.  

Escheators shall be named in every Shire in Wales.

67.  

What Freehold an Escheator in Wales must have.

68.  

Two Coroners in every Shire in Wales.

69.  

70.  

Two Constables of the Hundred.

71.  

A Gaol to be provided by the Sheriffs and Bailiffs of the Hundred.

72.  

73.  

County-Courts, Hundred-Courts.

74.  

Trial by Wager of Law of six Men.

75.  

Sheriffs Torns.

76.  

Fines forfeit in Torns, &c.

77.  

The Estreats afferred by the Justices or Assise.

78.  

Sheriffs Fees for executing several Writs.

79.  

Bills sued before the Justices.

80.  

Attachments or other Process sued by original, &c.

81.  

Suspect Persons may be put under common Mainprise.

82.  

Sheriffs Fees for common Mainprise, and serving of Writs.

83.  

Fees shall be rated, augmented and diminished by the President, Council and Justices.

84.  

No Felon of to his Fine, but may be reprieved.

85.  

A Confirmation of 26 H. 8. c. 6. concerning Inquiry of Offences done in Wales in the Counties next adjoining. Mod Cases in Law 136.

86.  

87.  

Abertannad annexed to Salop, and within the Hundred of Oswestre.

88.  

Foreign Plea of Voucher triable in any other Shire in Wales or England.

89.  

90.  

No Rumours, Tumults, unlawful Assemblies or Outcries shall be in Wales.

91.  

All Lands in Wales shall be English Tenure, and not partable.

92.  

Mortgages of Lands in Wales.

93.  

All Persons may sell their Lands, or demise them after the Manner of England.

94.  

Persons having Lands in Wales bound by Statute in England.

95.  

Recognizances taken in the King's Bench or Common-place.

96.  

Writs, Bills, Plaints, &c.

97.  

33 H. 8. c. 13.

98.  

99.  

Suits tried at a petty Sessions.

100.  

No Agreement shall be made with a Felon without Consent of the President, &c.

101.  

102.  

Peaceable Possession of Lands five Years.

103.  

Jury de circumstantibus.

104.  

No Sale of stolen Goods shall change the Property.

105.  

None shall buy Cattle out of the Market.

106.  

Following of stolen Goods.

107.  

A Freeholder may pass in any Jury.

108.  

Juror in Attaint.

109.  

Tallage at the Change of Lords.

110.  

Knights for Shires, Burgesses.

111.  

112.  

Felons Goods, Waifs, Strays.

113.  

In what Courts Errors in Wales shall be redressed.

114.  

False Judgment.

115.  

Process for weighty Causes.

116.  

Bewdley shall be within the County of Worcester.

117.  

Llanstiffan, Langham and Usterloys shall be within the County of Caermarthen.

118.  

County Court of Radnor.

119.  

The King may add and alter Laws and Ordinances.

120.  

121.  

How much the King's Farmer of the Subsidy of Woollen Cloths in Wales shall take for the sealing of a Cloth.

122.  

Cloths made within the Owners House not put to Sale.

123.  

The Aulnager in Wales bound to the Laws of England.

124.  

Haverfordwest a County in itself.

125.  

126.  

This Act prejudicial to no Man's Inheritance.

127.  

Every of the King's Officers may enjoy his Office and Fees as he did before.

128.  

No Gavelkind Land, but descendable according to the Course of the Common Law.

129.  

The Offices and Fees of George Blunt reserved.

130.  

All Liberties of the Duchy used as before.




'A C T S made in the Session of this present Parliament holden upon Prorogation at Westminster the two and twentieth Day of January in the four and thirtieth Year of the Reign of our most dread Sovereign Lord Henry the Eighth, by the Grace of God, King of England, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, and of the Church of England, and also of Ireland, in Earth the Supreme Head, and there continued and kept to the twelfth Day of May in the five and thirtieth Year of our said Sovereign Lord, to the Honour of God, and for the common Weal and Profit of this his Realm.'


An Act for certain Ordinances in the King's Dominion and Principality of Wales.


Laws specially shall be made in Wales by the Officers there.

10 Ed. 1. of Rutheland.

Stat. Wallić, 12 Ed. 1. 28 Ed. 3. c. 2. 9 H. 4. c. 4.

'O U R Sovereign Lord the King's Majesty, of his tender Zeal and Affection that he beareth towards his loving and obedient Subjects of his Dominion, Principality and Country of Wales, for good Rule and Order to be from henceforth kept and maintained within the same, whereby his said Subjects may grow and arise to more Wealth and Prosperity, hath devised and made divers sundry good and necessary Ordinances, which his Majesty of his most abundant Goodness, at the humble Suit and Petition of his said Subjects of Wales, is pleased and contented to be enacted by the Assent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and the Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, in Manner and Form as hereafter ensueth.


Wales divide into twelve Shires.

27 H. 8. c. 26.

II. First, That his Grace's said Dominion, Principality, and Country of Wales, be from henceforth divided into twelve Shire; (2) of the which eight have been Shires of long and ancient Time, That is to say, The Shires of Glamorgan, Caermarthen, Pembroke, Cardigan, Flint, Caernarvan, Anglesey and Merioneth;(3) and four of the said twelve Shires be newly made and ordained to be Shires, by an Act made at the Parliament holden at Westminsterin the twenty-seventh Year of our said Sovereign Lord's most noble Reign, that is to say, The Shires of Radnor, Brecknock, Montgomery and Denbigh, over and besides the Shire of Monmouth, and divers other Dominions, Lordships and Manors in the Marches of Wales, united and annexed to the Shires of Salop, Hereford and Glocester, as by the said late Act more plainly appeareth.

Limitation of Hundreds by Commission.

III. Item, That the Limitations of the Hundreds, of late made within the said Shires by Virtue of his Grace's Commissions directed out of his Highness Court of Chancery, and again returned into the same, shall stand in full Strength Force and Effect, according to the said Limitation; except such of the same as sith that Time hath been altered or changed by Virtue of any Act or Acts of Parliament already made, or that shall be altered or changed by any Act or Acts in this present Session to be made.


President and Council.

Repealed by 1 W. & M. sess. 1. c. 27. § 2.

IV. Item, That there shall be and remain a President and Council in the said Dominion and Principality of Wales, and the Marches of the same, with all Officers, Clerks and Incidents to the same, in Manner and Form as hath been heretofore used and accustomed; (2) which President and Council shall have Power and Authority to hear and determine, by their Wisdoms and Discretions, such Causes and Matters as be or hereafter shall be assigned to them by the King's Majesty, as heretofore hath been accustomed and used.


Sessions of Wales twice in a Year.

V. Item, That there shall be holden and kept Sessions twice in every Year, in every of the said Shires in the said Dominion and Principality of Wales, that is to say, in the Shires of Glamorgan, Brecknock, Radnor, Caermarthen, Pembroke, Cardigan, Montgomery, Denbigh, Flint, Caernarvan, Merioneth and Anglesey; the which Sessions shall be called the King's great Sessions in Wales.


Justice of Chester.

VI . Item, That the Justice of Chester for the Time being shall hold and keep Sessions twice in every Year, in the Shires of Denbigh, Flint and Montgomery, and have nothing but his old Fee of an hundred Pounds yearly for the same.


Justice of North Wales.

VII. Item, That the Justices of North Wales shall in likewise hold and keep Sessions twice every Year, in every of the said Shires of Caernarvan, Merioneth and Anglesey, and shall have yearly of the King's Majesty a yearly Fee of fifty Pounds for the same.


Justice of Radnor, &c.

VIII. Item, That one Person learned in the Laws of this Realm of England, by the King's Majesty to be named and appointed, shall be Justice of the Shires of Radnor, Brecknock and Glamorgan, and shall in likewise hold and keep Sessions twice in every Year, in every of the same Shires, and shall have yearly of the King's Majesty fifty Pounds for his Fee.


Justice of Caermarthen.

IX. Item, That one other Person learned in the Laws of this Realm, to be appointed as is aforesaid, shall be Justice of the Shires of Caermarthen, Pembroke and Cardigan, and shall in likewise hold and keep Sessions twice in every Year, in every of the same Shires, and shall also have yearly of the King's Majesty fifty Pounds for his Fee.


Patents under the Great Seal.

X. Item, The said Persons or Justices, and every of them now being, or that hereafter shall be, shall have several Letters Patents and Commissions for their Offices, under the King's Seal of England, to be exercised by themselves or their sufficient Deputies, according to the Purposes and Intents in these Ordinances specified.


Commissions already granted, to stand in Force.

XI. Provided always, That their Commissions to them already granted under the said Great Seal, shall stand in Force and Effect according to the Tenor of the same, unless it shall please the King's Majesty hereafter to alter or change them or any of them; this present Article last before expressed in any wise notwithstanding.


Of what Things the Justices in Wales may hold Plea.

XII. Item, That every of the said Justices, within the Limits of their Commissions and Authorities to them appointed as is aforesaid, shall hold all manner of Pleas of the Crown at and in the said Sessions, in as large and ample manner as the King's Chief Justice in England, and other the King's Justices of the King's Bench there, or any of them, may do in their Places, or elsewhere within the Realm of England; (2) and also to hold Pleas of Assises, and all other Pleas and Actions real, personal and mixt, in as large and ample Manner as the King's Chief Justice of the Common-place in England, and other Justices of the same Place, or any of them, may do in the Realm of England.


XIII. Item, That every of the said Justices of Wales shall have Power and Authority to enquire of all Treasons, Murders, Felonies, Riots, Routs, unlawful Assemblies, Extortions, Embraceries, Maintenances, Retainers, Concealments, Contempts and all other Offences and evil Deeds, of what Natures, Names or Qualities soever they be, done, committed or perpetrated within the Limits of their Commissions and Authorities, against the Form of the Common Law of the Realm of England, or of any Statutes of the same, and to hear and determine the Premisses, and every of them, (2) and generally to minister common Justice to all and singular the King's Subjects within the Limits of their Commissions and Authorities, according to the Laws, Statutes and Customs of the Realm of England, and according to this present Ordinance.


Sessions shall endure six Days.

Cro. Car. 342.

XIV. Item, That every of the said Sessions shall be kept and continued by the Space of six Days in every of the said Shires at either of the said Times, as is or hath been used within the said three Shires of North Wales; and that the said Justices shall cause open Proclamations to be made in the Shire-towns what Time and Place they purpose to keep their said Sessions, fifteen Days at the least before they keep the same, to the Intent the King's Subjects may have Knowledge thereof.


Days in Court.

XV. Item, That Days shall be given in all Pleas, Plaints, Process and Adjournments, from Day to Day and Sessions to Sessions, by the Discretion of the said Justices within the Limits of their Authorities, for the good and speedy Ministration of Justice to all and singular the King's Subjects, as is or hath been used in North Wales.


Original Seals in whose Custody they shall be.

XVI. Item, That one original Seal, devised by the King's Highness for Justice to be ministred in the said three Shires of North Wales, that is to say, the Shires of Merioneth, Caernarvan and Anglesey, shall be and remain in the Charge, Keeping and Custody of the Chamberlain of North Wales.


XVII. And that one other original Seal, devised by the King's Majesty for Ministration of Justice, to be used in the said three Shires of Caermarthen, Pembroke and Cardigan, shall be and remain in the Charge and Keeping of the Chamberlain of South Wales.


XVIII. And that likewise one other original Seal, devised by the King's Majesty for Administration of Justice, to be used in the said three Shires of Brecknock, Radnor and Glamorgan, shall be and remain in the Charge and Custody of the Steward and Chamberlain of Brecknock.


XIX. And that also one other original Seal, devised by the King's Majesty for Ministration of Justice to be ministred within the said Shires of Denbigh and Montgomery, shall be and remain in the Charge, Keeping and Custody of the Steward and Chamberlain of Denbigh.


XX. And that the original Seal of Chester shall be and stand for the original Seal of Flint, for Justice to be ministred in the said Shire of Flint, and shall be and remain in the Charge, Keeping and Custody of the Chamberlain of Chester.


What shall be sealed with the original Seals.

The Authority of the Keepers of the Seals, and to what only Purposes they shall use them.

XXI. Item, That the said Stewards and Chamberlains shall seal with the said Seals, that is to say, every one of them shall seal with the Seal to his Charge committed, all manner of original Writs and Process, returnable before the said Justices at the Sessions to be holden in every of the said Shires, in Manner and Form as is aforesaid, (2) and shall severally account and answer the King's Majesty for the Profits of the same Seal: (3) And that none of the said Stewards, Chamberlains or Chancellors, having the Charge and Keeping of the said Seals, shall by Occasion thereof, or by Colour of any of their Offices, compel or cause any Person or Persons inhabiting within any of the said twelve Shires, to appear before themselves or their Deputies, ne shall have Power and Authority to hear and determine any Pleas of the Crown, nor other Causes or Matters of Justice, otherwise than in this Ordinance is limited and expressed; but shall have the Charge and Keeping of the said Seals, to seal all such original Writs and Process as shall be returnable before the said Justices in their said Sessions, as is before specified, and as hereafter shall be declared; (4) which Writs and Process shall be used, made, sealed and returned, in Manner and Form as hath been used before the Justice of North Wales.


The Keeper of the Seals may award Process against Accomptants, returnable before themselves.

XXII. Item, That all such Persons as now be or hereafter shall be the King's Highness Stewards, Chamberlains or Chancellors, within any of the said twelve Shires, which by reason of their said Offices have Charges for the Receipt, Collection or Accompt, of and for the King's Rents, Revenues, Farms or Profits, to be due to his Majesty within the said Dominion of Wales, may direct Process under the said Seal, being in their Charge and Custody, within the Limits of their Authorities, only against Bailiffs, Reeves, Farmers and other Ministers Accomptant, to appear before themselves, to answer to and for any the King's Revenues, Farms, Rents or Profits, and for none other Causes, nor against any other Person or Persons, in like Manner and Form as they have been accustomed in that Case to do.


Stewards of Manors may hold Courts and Leets.

XXIII. Item, That all Stewards of any Lordships or Manors in Wales shall and may keep and hold such Leets, Lawdays or Court Barons, as appertaineth and belongeth to the Lordships and Manors whereof they be Stewards, (2) and hold Pleas by Plaint under the Sum of xl. s. in every such Court Baron, (3) and have and enjoy all other Authorities, Commodities and Profits as Stewards of Leets, Lawdays and Court Barons in England commonly have and been used to have by reason of the said Offices, and none other; any Law, Usage or Custom in the said Dominion of Wales heretofore had to the contrary hereof notwithstanding.


Stewards or Sheriffs shall not enquire of Felony.

XXIV. Item, Provided always, and be it enacted, That the said Stewards, nor any of them, nor the Sheriff of the said Counties in Wales, shall have any Power or Authority to enquire of any manner of Felony in any such Leet, Lawday or Torn, within the said Dominion to be holden.


26 H. 8. c. 6.

XXV. And that from henceforth no Leet nor Lawday be kept by the Steward or other Officer of any Lordship or Manor in the said Dominion of Wales, but in such Lordships and Places where it was accustomed to be kept before the making of the Act of Parliament concerning Wales, made in the twenty-sixth Year of our said Sovereign Lord's Reign; so always the Place where such Court shall be kept, be meet and convenient for that Purpose.


Officers of Corporate Towns may hold Pleas and determine Actions.

XXVI. Item, That all Mayors, Bailiffs and Head Officers of Corporate Towns in Wales, may hold Pleas and determine Actions, and do every other Thing concerning common Justice, according to their lawful Grants and laudable Customs of such Towns; (2) so always they follow the Course, Trade and Fashion of the Laws and Customs of the Realm of England, and not of any Welsh Laws or Customs. (3) And that in every of the said Towns they may try all Issues joined, or hereafter to be joined, in any Action personal, by six Men, according as heretofore in divers Places in the said Country it hath been used; any Thing contained in this Act to the contrary notwithstanding.


The King may dissolve Boroughs, and erect others by his Letters Patents.

XXVII. Provided always, and be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That forasmuch as there be divers and many small Boroughs and Towns Corporate within the said Dominion of Wales, whereof many have their Commencement by Grants made from the Lords Marchers, and some by other Means, (2) our said Sovereign Lord shall from henceforth, by Virtue of this Act, have full Power and Authority, by his Letters Patents, to be inrolled in his Grace's High Court of Chancery, at any Time within seven Years hereafter next ensuing to the End of this present Parliament, to repel, annihilate and dissolve such and as many of the said Boroughs and Towns Corporate, and all Liberties and Customs of the same, as to his Highness shall be thought expedient, (3) to the Intent his Majesty, at his Grace's Pleasure, may duly erect, ordain and make such and as many other Boroughs and Towns Corporate within the said Dominion, being more apt and convenient for that Purpose, and endue them with such Liberties and Franchises, as to his most excellent Wisdom shall be thought necessary for the Wealth of the said Country.


Officers certain Fees shall continue, but not their casual Fees.

XXVIII. Item, The King's Majesty is pleased and contented of his most gracious Goodness, that such as have Patents of any Office of Stewardships, Chamberlainships, Chancellorships or Justiceships within the said Dominion of Wales, for Term of their Lives, shall have and enjoy their certain, ordinary and annual Fees of Money, used and accustomed to be paid and born by the King's Highness, by Virtue of any their Letters Patents, during their Interest therein, but in so wise to take or claim any casual Fees claimed by colour of their Offices, contrary to this present Ordinance; any Custom in Wales, or any Thing in this Act to the contrary notwithstanding.


There shall be four judicial Seals, in whose Custody they shall be, and what shall be sealed with them.

XXIX. Item, Over and besides the said original Seals, there shall be four judicial Seals devised by the King's Majesty, whereof one shall remain with the Justice of Chester, which is appointed by this Act to be Justice of the Shires of Flint, Denbigh and Montgomery, to be used within the said Shires, to seal all judicial Process and Bills that shall be sued before the said Justice, in the Sessions to be holden within the same Shires: (2) And that one other of the said judicial Seals shall likewise remain and be in the Charge and Custody of the said Justice of North Wales: (3) And that the third of the said Seals shall be and remain in the Custody and Charge of the Justice of the three Shires of Glamorgan, Brecknock and Radnor: (4) And the fourth of the said Seals shall remain in the Charge and Custody of the Justice of the said three Shires ofPembroke, Caermarthen and Cardigan: (5) And the said Justices shall seal with the said judicial Seals, that is to say, every of them with the Seal committed to his Charge and Custody, as well all Bills, as all other judicial Process, that shall be sued before them in the said Sessions, upon any original Bills or Writs; and all other Process that shall be awarded from any of the said Justices shall be sealed with the said judicial Seal.


Account for the Profit of the Seal.

XXX. Item, That every the said Justices shall account and answer to the King's Majesty for the Profits of the said Seal being in his Charge and Custody, in Manner and Form as hereafter shall be declared.


Teste of every Process.

XXXI. Item, That the Teste of every Bill and judicial Process that shall pass under the said judicial Seal, shall be under the Name of such of the said Justices from whom such Bill or judicial Process shall pass, in like Manner and Form as is used in the Common Place in England.


What Process shall be sealed with the original Seal.

XXXII. Item, That all Actions real and mixt, Attaints, Conspiracies, Assises and Quare impedit, Appeals of Murder and Felony, and all Actions grounded upon any Statutes, shall be sued by original Writs, to be obtained and sealed with the said original Seal, returnable before the said Justices at their Sessions, within the Limits of their Authorities, in Manner and Form as is aforementioned.


Personal Actions of xl. s. or above.

XXXIII. Item, That all manner of personal Actions, as Debt, Detinue, Trespass, Accompt and such like, amounting to the Sum of xl. s. or above, shall be sued by Writs original, to be obtained and sealed as is aforesaid, or by Bills, at the Pleasure of the Party suing the same, before the said Justices within the Limits of their Authorities, as is used in North Wales.


Personal Actions under xl. s.

XXXIV. And that all personal Actions under the Sum of xl. s. that is to say, Debt, Trespass, Detinue, Accompt and such like, shall and may be sued before any of the said Justices in the said Sessions, by Bill, as it is used in North Wales.


Original Bill concerning Actions personal.

XXXV. And that every original Bill concerning Actions personal, shall be sealed with the King's judicial Seal, being in the Custody of the said Justice before whom such personal Actions by Bill shall be brought and commenced.


Fees for writing and sealing of Writs and Bills.

XXXVI. And that such Fees shall be paid for the writing and sealing of such original Writs and Bills as hereafter shall be expressed, that is to say, For the sealing of every original Writ to be sued in and upon the Causes aforesaid, and for every Bill to be pursued in Actions personal, whereof the Debt and Damage amounteth to the Sum of xl. s. or above, the Parties pursuing the same shall pay for the Seal of every such Writ or Bill, vi. d. (2) And for every judicial Process to be sued upon any such original Writ or Bill, the Parties pursuing such judicial Process shall pay for the sealing thereof vii. d. whereof the King's Majesty shall have vi. d. and the Justice sealing such judicial Process shall have i. d.


Debt or Damage not amounting to xl. s.

XXXVII. Item, That every Bill in personal Action, whereof the Debt, Duty or Damage amounteth not to xl. s. and all manner judicial Process to be sued upon the same, shall also be sealed with the King's said Judicial Seal; (2) and the Parties pursuing the same shall pay for the Seal of every such Bill and judicial Process thereupon to be sued, iij. d. whereof the King's Majesty to have ii. d. and the Justice sealing such Process to have i. d.


Process sealed with the judicial Seal, and the Fees.

XXXVIII. Item, That all Writs of Scire facias, and Writs of good Abearing, or for the Peace, or Writs of Supersedeasupon the same, and all other Process to be sued from the said Justices, upon any Record or Suggestion admitted by any of the said Justices within the Limits of their Authorities, shall also be sealed with the said judicial Seal; (2) and that the Parties pursuing the same, shall pay for the Seal of every such Writ and Process vij. d. whereof the King's Highness shall have vj. d. and the Justice by whom such Process shall be sealed i. d.


XXXIX. And that every Exemplification upon any Record before any of the said Justices, shall be sealed with the King's said judicial Seal; (2) and the Parties pursuing the same shall pay for the Seal thereof xx. d.whereof the King's Highness shall have xvi. d. and the Justices sealing the same iv. d.


Recoveries, Fines, Concords, &c. taken before the Justices.

XL. Item, That Recoveries and Fines of Record, and Warrants of Attorney for the same, shall and may be taken before every of the said Justices, of Lands, Tenements and Hereditaments within his Authority, by Force of his general Commission, without any Writ of Dedimus potestatem to be sued for the same, in like Manner and Form as is used to be taken before the King's Chief Justice of his Common Place in England.


Of what Force Fines levied before the Justices shall be.

XLI. Item, That all Fines hereafter to be levied before any of the said Justices, with Proclamation made the same Sessions that the said Fine shall be engrossed, and in two other great Sessions then next to be holden within the same County, shall be of the same Force and Strength to all Purposes, as Fines levied with Proclamations be of, that be levied before the Justices of the Common Place in England.


Fines to the King upon Recoveries or Fines.

XLII. Item, That every Person suing Writs of Entry in the Post, or Writs of Covenant, or any other Writs, for any Recovery to be had by Assent of Parties, or otherwise, or for any Fine to be levied, shall pay such Fines to the King's Use for the same, as well Fines pro licentia concordandi, as all other Manner of Fines, as is used in the King's Chancery, or elsewhere in any of the King's Courts of England, (2) which Fines shall be paid to such Persons as shall seal the original Writs for that Purpose, and that they shall account for the same in like Form as they shall do for the Profits of the said original Seal, as is aforesaid.


King's Silver.

XLIII. Item, That the King's Silver, upon every Fine to be levied, shall be paid as is used in the Common Place of England, that is to say, ij. s. (2) which King's Silver shall be paid to the Justice afore whom such Fine shall be levied; whereof the King's Highness shall have xx. d. and the Prenotary entring the same shall have ij. d. and the Justice afore whom such Fine shall be levied other ij. d. (3) and that the same Justice shall account for the King's Part thereof, like as he shall for the Profits of the King's judicial Seal committed to his Charge, in Manner and Form as is aforesaid.


There shall be four Prenotaries, and upon whom they shall attend.

XLIV. Item, There shall be four Prenotaries for the making of all judicial Process, and for the Entring of all Pleas, Process, and Matters of Record, in the Sessions to be holden before the said Justices, whereof one of the said Prenotaries shall attend upon the said Justice appointed for the three Shires of North Wales, (2) and one other shall attend upon the Justice assigned for the three Shires of Flint, Denbigh and Montgomery; (3) and the third shall attend upon the Justice assigned for the three Shires of Caermarthen, Cardiganand Pembroke; (4) and the fourth of the said Prenotaries shall attend upon the Justice assigned for the three Shires of Glamorgan, Brecknockand Radnor: (5) And these four Prenotaries, as often as their said Offices shall be void, shall be named and appointed by the King's Highness, by his Majesty's Letters Patents under his great Seal of England. (6) And where one John Arnold, Gentleman, hath the Office of Prenotary and Clerkship of the Crown, by the King's Highness Letters Patents, within the said three Shires of North Wales; and that one John Breckenhead hath the Office of the Prenotary, and Clerkship of the Crown by the King's Letters Patents, within the said Shire of Flint; and that likewise one John Leonardhath the Office of the Prenotary and Clerkship of the Crown, by the King's Letters Patents, within all the Residue of the said Dominion of Wales; the King's Majesty is pleased and contented, that the said three Prenotaries shall have, use, and enjoy their said Offices according to the Effect of the said Letters Patents to them thereof made, doing their Duties and Attendance by themselves or their sufficient Deputies, at every of the said Sessions to be kept within the Shires whereunto they be so appointed.


A Marshal and a Crier, and their Fees.

XLV. Item, There shall be a Marshal and a Crier in every of the said Circuits and Limits allotted to the said Justices, which shall be named by the said Justices within the Limits of their Authority and Commission, in like Manner and Form as Justices of Assise do in England: (2) And the said Officers shall attend upon the said Justices in their Circuits in their own proper Persons, and not by their Deputies.


XLVI. And that the Marshal shall have, upon every Judgment and every Fine, iv. d. and the Crier i. d.(2) And upon the Acquittals of Felons, and of them that shall be delivered by Proclamation, or delivered out of common Mainprise before any of the said Justices, the Marshal shall have iv. d.and the Crier i. d.


The Prenotaries Fees.

XLVII. Item, That every of the said Prenotaries, within the Limits of their Offices, shall take such Fees as hereafter shall be expressed; that is to say, For the writing of Pleas, and engrossing of Writs of Entry, in the Post, Writs of Right, Quod ei deforceat, or any other Writs pursued by the Assent of the Parties, v. s. (2) and if it be with a double Voucher, then vi. s. viij. d. (3) and for the Exemplification thereof ij. s. (4) and for the engrossing of Fines, to have for every Fine iij. s. iv. d. and if it be with Proclamations, then iv. s.


Bills of Debt, Detinue, Trespass, &c.

XLVIII. Item, For every Bill of Debt, Detinue, Trespass, and all other Actions Personal sued before the said Justices in their Circuits, under the Sum of xl. s. the Prenotaries shall have for the first Bill iv. d. for the second Bill iv. d. and for the third Bill iv. d. (2) and for the Entry of every Declaration, Plea and Bar, Replication, and Rejoinder in and upon every such Action, so that he do inroll the same in Parchment,iv. d. (3) and for every Venire fac', Tales, Habeas corpora, and Distring', for every of them iv. d. and for the Judgment, viij. d. (4) and for every Writ of Execution in every such Action vj. d. (5) and for every Warrant of Attorney in every such Action, as well for the Plaintiffs as for the Defendants, iv. d.


XLIX. Item, In all Actions of Detinue, Trespass, and all other Actions Personal, wherein the Duty, Debt, or Damage amounteth to the Sum of xl. s. or above, which shall be sued by Bills before the said Justices, the Prenotary shall have for the first Bill iv. d. for the second Bill iv. d. and for the third iv. d. (2) and for every of the Declaration, the Answer, Replication and Rejoinder, if it be enrolled in Parchment,viij. (3) and for the Venire fac', Tales, Habeas corpora, and Distring', for every of them vi. d. and for the Judgment viij. d. (4) and for the Warrant of Attorney, iv. d. (5) and for every Writ of Execution upon the Judgments in such Bills vj. d.


Original Writs upon Actions personal.

L. Item, In original Writs sued upon every Action Personal returnable before the said Justices, the Prenotaries shall have for every Iterum sum', vj. d. (2) for every Distress in Trespass, vj. d. and for the Declarationviij. d. (3) for the Answer, Replication and Rejoinder, for every of them, if they be inrolled and ingrossed as is aforesaid, xij. d. (4) For the Venire fac', Tales, Habeas corpora and Distring', for every of them, vj. d. (5) and the Prenotaries to have for the Entry of the Judgments in every such Action xij. d. (6) and for every Writ of Execution sued upon the same vj. d. (7) for the Exemplification of every Record in any of the said Actions, ij. s. (8) for every Warrant of Attorney, iv. d. (9) In all Actions real and mixt, Assises, Quare Impedit, Appeals of Felony, Murder or Maim, the Prenotary to have for the Declaration or Plaint, ij. s. (10) and for the Plea in Bar, Replication, Rejoinder, Surrejoynder, for every of them, if they be inrolled as is aforesaid, i. s. (11) and for the writing of every Venire fac', Tales, Habeas corp', and Distring' upon the same, for every of them vj. d. (12) and for the Entry of the Judgment, in every of the said Actions and Appeals, ij. s. (13) and for the writing the Writs of Execution made upon every of the said Actions, Appeals and Assises, i. s. (14) And for Writs of grand Cape and petit Cape, and Writs of View, Writs upon Voucher, and all other Writs in every such Action or Actions, xij. d. (15) and for every Warrant of Attorney for the Defendants, or for the Demandants or Plaintiffs, in every such Action Real, Assise, Appeal and Quare Impedit, iv. d. (16) and for the Essoins in every such Actioniv. d. and for the Adjournment ij. d. (17) and for the Bail of every Person of Felony xij. d. and for the Bail for Trespass vj. d. and for the Appearance and Bailing of common Mainprise ij. d.


Writs of the Peace and good Abearing.

LI. Item, For writing Writs for the Peace and good Abearing, granted by any of the said Justices in their Sessions, vj. d. (2) and for the entring of every Recognisance to be had and taken before the said Justices, for every Cause or Causes, other than before is expressed, xij. d. and if it be with Condition, thenij. s. (3) and upon every Acquittal and Deliverance of Felons or Murderers, by Verdict or by Allowance of Pardon, the Prenotaries to have ij. s. and if it be upon Indictments certified from the Justices of the Peace, afore the Justices in the great Sessions, the Clerk of the Peace to have also xii. d. (4) and upon the Delivery of any suspect of Felony or Murder by Proclamation, the said Prenotary to have xij. d.



The King shall have Fines, Issues, Amerciaments.

LII. Item, That the King's Majesty shall have all Fines, Issues, Amerciaments, and all Forfeitures of Recognisances, lost or forfeited before any of the said Justices in the Session aforesaid; (2) and that the said Prenotaries, within the Limits of their Offices, shall yearly estreat the same into the Exchequer appointed for that Limit, to the Intent that Process from thence may be awarded to the Sheriffs to levy the same to the King's Use, as appertaineth, (3) which Sheriff shall yearly make their Accompts before the King's Auditors thereunto to be assigned and appointed.


Justices of Peace besides President and Council.

LIII. Item, Over and besides the said President and Council, and Justices, there shall be Justices of Peace and Quorum, and also one Custos Rotulorum, in every of the said twelve Shires.


Custos Rotulorum, and by whom appointed.

LIV. Item, That the said Justices of Peace, Justices of Quorum, and Custos Rotulorum in the said Shires, shall be named and appointed by the Chancellor of England, by Commission under the King's great Seal ofEngland, by the Advice of the President, Council, and Justices aforesaid, or three of them, of the which the said President to be one, from Time to Time as the Case shall require.


How many Justices of Peace in one Shire.

Altered by 5 & 6 W. & M. c. 4.

LV. Item, That there shall not exceed the Number of eight Justices of the Peace in any of the said Shires, over and besides the President, Council, and Justices aforesaid, and the King's Attorney and Solicitor; (2) which President, Council, Justices, and the King's Attorney and Solicitor, shall be put in every Commission of Peace in every of the said twelve Shires.


The Justices of Peace, their Oath.

LVI. Item, That such Persons as shall be named to be Justices of Peace within every of the said Shires, shall be of good Name and Fame; and after they be assigned by Commission, may use and exercise the Office of the Justice of Peace, albeit they may not dispend twenty Pound, nor be learned in the Laws of the Lands, without any Loss, Damage, or Penalties for Insufficiency of their Lands: (2) And that every of the said Justices of Peace, before they shall execute their Commission, shall take their Oaths before the Chancellor of England, or else before the said President, or one of the said Justices in Wales, by Virtue of the King's Writ of Dedimus potestatem, or before any other Person to be limited by the Lord Chancellor ofEngland for that Purpose, the Contents of which Oath shall be after the Form as Justices of Peace in Englanduse to make.


The Justices Sessions, Authority and Fees.

LVII. Item, That the said Justices of Peace, or two of them at the least, whereof one to be of the Quorum, shall and may keep their Sessions, within the Limits of their Commissions, four Times in the Year, and at other Times upon urgent Causes, as Justices of Peace in England use to do; and shall have like Power and Authority in all Things, and Fees of the King's Majesty for the Time of their sitting, as well for themselves as for their Clerks, and shall be bound to use and do their Offices, in like Manner as is used in England.


The Fees of the Justices and Clerk of the Peace.

Certificate of Recognizances.

LVIII. Item, That no Justices of Peace, Clerk of the Peace, nor other Clerk of any Justice of Peace inWales, shall take for the writing of any Warrant of the Peace, or good Abearing, above vj. d. (2) and for entering of Pledges or Boroughs to Pay the King's Fine upon any Indictment, ix. d. and if it be with Protestation, then to take xij. d. (3) and for a Supersedeas not above viij. d. and for a Recognisance xij. d. (4) And that all the said Justice of Peace shall certify all Recognisances taken before any of them for the Peace or good Abearing, into their Sessions next to be holden after the taking thereof; (5) and Recognisance taken before any of them, for Suspicions of any Manner of Felony, shall be certified before the Justices of the great Sessions next to be holden after the taking thereof, without Concealment, Detaining or Imbezling of the same, upon such Penalties and Damages as be therefore ordained and established.


Taxing of Fines and Amerciaments.

LIX. Item, That all Fines and Amerciaments before the said Justices of Peace lost, and hereafter to be lost, shall be taxed and afferred by two Justices of the Peace at the least, whereof one to be of the Quorum, and that all such Fines and Amerciaments shall be set truly and duly, according to the Quantity of the Offences, without Partiality or Affection.


Fines, Forfeitures and Amerciament to be estreated.

Allowance from Auditors.

LX. Item, That the said Fines and Amerciaments, and also all Issues lost before the said Justices of Peace, and all Forfeitures of Recognisances, and other Forfeitures, before the same Justices, shall be yearly estreated by the Clerks of the Peace into the Exchequer appointed for that Limit, to the Intent that Process from thence may be awarded for the levying of the same Forfeitures and Sums of Money to the King's Use, to the Sheriff of every County as shall appertain, who shall make thereof their Accompts before such Auditors as thereunto shall be assigned, so that the King's Majesty may thereof be truly and duly answered and satisfied; which Auditors shall make due Allowance to the same Sheriffs, for the Fees of the Justices and Clerks of the Peace, upon their said Accompts, as is used in the Realm of England.


Sheriffs in every Shire of Wales, and how they shall be nominated.

LXI. Item, That there shall be Sheriffs in every of the said Shires yearly appointed by the King's Majesty; (2) and that none of the said Sheriffs shall have their said Office of Sheriffwick any longer Time than is used by the Laws and Statutes of England. (3) And for the yearly Nomination of the said Sheriffs, the said Lord President, Council, and Justices of Wales, or three of them at the least, whereof the said President to be one, shall yearly nominate three substantial Persons in every of the said twelve Shires, to be Sheriffs of the same, and shall certify their Names to the Lords of the King's most honourable Council, attending upon his Grace's Person, Crastino Animarum, to the Intent the King's Majesty, being thereof advertised, may appoint one of them in every of the said Shires to be Sheriff for that Year, at his most gracious Will and Pleasure, like as his Highness doth for his Realm of England; (4) and thereupon the said Sheriffs shall have their Patents and Commissions under the Great Seal of England, as Sheriffs of England have, and shall make and take Oaths and Knowledges of Recognizances before the President and Justices, or one of them, by Virtue of the King's Writ of Dedimus potestatem to be directed for the same, for the due Execution of their Offices, and for their just and true Accounts before the King's Auditor or Auditors assigned for Wales.


The Sheriffs Authority and Duty in Wales.

LXII. Item, That every of the said Sheriffs shall have full Power and Authority, within the Limits of their Sheriffwick, to do and use their Offices as Sheriffs in England, and shall accomplish and execute, without any Favour, Dread or Corruption, all manner of Writs, Process, Judgments and Executions, and all manner common Justice appertaining to their Offices of Sheriffs, and all lawful Commandments and Precepts of the said President, Council and Justices of Wales, and also of the Justices of the Peace, Escheators and Coroners, and every of them, in all Things appertaining to their Offices and Authorities.


The Sheriffs Duty in Administration of Justice.

LXIII. Item, That the said Sheriffs shall do, and be bound to do, all and every other Thing and Things for the Ministration of Justice, and for the Conservation of the King's Peace, and the Apprehension and Repress of Traytors, Murderers, Thieves, Felons and other Offenders, as Sheriffs of England do use and be bound to do within the Realm of England.


Sheriffs Accompt and Fee.

LXIV. Item, That the said Sheriffs shall yearly accompt before such the King's Auditor or Auditors, as shall be assigned and appointed by the King's Majesty for his said Dominion of Wales; (2) and that every of the said Sheriffs shall have yearly for his Fee v l.


Enforced by 3 Geo. 1. c. 15. § 22.

All Officers and other Persons shall be attendant on the President, &c.

LXV. Item, That all Mayors, Sheriffs, Stewards, Bailiffs and other Ministers and Officers of Justice of every County, Lordship, Town and Place within the said Dominion of Wales, and all and singular the King's Subjects of the same shall be always obedient, attendant and assisting to the said President, Council and Justices of Wales, and every of them, and shall obey the King's Commandments and Process from them or any of them directed, and all the lawful and reasonable Precepts of the said President, Council and Justices, and every of them, and also shall be obedient to all the said Justices of Peace, Sheriffs and Escheators, within the Limits of their said Authorities, as well for common Administration and due Execution of Justice, as in all other Things appertaining to their Duties and Offices.


Escheators shall be named in every Shire in Wales.

LXVI. Item, That Escheators shall be named in every of the said Shires by the Lord Treasurer of England, by the Advice of the said President, Council and Justices, or three of them at the least, whereof the said President to be one; (2) which Escheators shall make and take their Oaths, and knowledge their Recognisances, before the said President, or one of the said Justices, by Virtue of the King's Writ of Dedimus potestatem to be directed for the same, for the due Execution of their Offices, and for their true Accompt to be made before the King's Auditor or Auditors to be assigned for the same; which Oath and Recognizance shall be agreeable to the Oath and Recognizance used for the Escheators in England; (3) and the Escheators shall yearly have their Patents and Commissions under the Great Seal of England, and shall have Power and Authority to exercise their Offices in like Manner and Form as Escheators in England, and shall be bound to all Laws and Statutes of England.


What Freehold an Escheator in Wales must have.

LXVII. Item, That all such Persons as shall be appointed to the said Offices, shall and may exercise their Offices, if they may dispend yearly v. l. of Freehold, any Statutes of England to the contrary thereof notwithstanding; (2) and that every of the said Escheators shall make their Accompts yearly before such Auditor or Auditors as shall be assigned by the King's Majesty, to hear and determine his Highness Accompt for his Revenues and Profits of the said Dominion of Wales.


Two Coroners in every Shire in Wales.

LXVIII. Item, There shall be two Coroners to be elected in every of the said twelve Shires, as is used in England, by Virtue of the King's Writ De Coronatore eligendo, to be awarded out of the King's Chancery of England; (2) and that the said Coroners shall have like Power and Authority to do and exercise their Offices, and have like Fees, as is limited by the Laws and Statutes of England.


LXIX. Provided always, That the Writ De Coronatore eligende, to choose the Coroners within the said County of Flint, shall be directed out of the Exchequer of Chester.


Two Constables of the Hundred.

LXX. Item, That the said Justices of the Peace, or two of them at the least, whereof one of them to be of the Quorum, shall appoint and name, in every Hundred within the Limits of their Commission, two substantial Gentlemen or Yeomen, to be the chief Constables of the Hundred wherein they inhabit; (2) which two Constables of every Hundred shall have a special Regard to the Conservation of the King's Peace, and shall and may do and use their Offices in all and singular Things, as is used by the High Constables of the Hundreds in England, and shall be bound to all Things as the High Constables of the Hundreds in Englandbe bound to do.


A Gaol to be provided by the Sheriffs and Bailiffs of the Hundred.

LXXI. Item, That every of the said Sheriffs shall have a Gaol for Prisoners within some convenient Place of the Castles of the Shire-towns where he is Sheriff, or in such other convenient Place, as by the said President, Council and Justices, or three of them, whereof the said President to be one, shall be appointed: any Patent or Grant heretofore made to any Person or Persons of the Constableship or Keeping of any of the said Castles in any wise notwithstanding. (2) And that the Sheriff shall make the Bailiffs of the Hundreds, and they to attend upon the Justices in every of their Courts and Sessions.


LXXII. Provided always, That the Constables of the King's Castles within every of the said Shire-towns of Wales shall not be charged with the Gaols, and of all the Prisoners that shall be committed to their Ward, like as they have heretofore been, until such Time, convenient Places for that Purpose be assigned to the said Sheriff.


County-Courts, Hundred-Courts.

LXXIII. Item, The said Sheriffs shall keep their Counties monthly, and their Hundred Courts for Pleas under xl. s.as is used in England; (2) and shall take for the entering of Plaints, Process, Pleas and Judgments in the said Shire-courts and Hundreds, such small Fees as is used to be taken in Shires and Hundreds in England, and not above.


Trial by Wager of Law of six Men.

LXXIV. Item, That all manner of Trials before them in their said Courts, or before any Stewards in Court-Barons, shall be by Wager of Law, or Verdict of six Men, at the Pleasure of the Party Plaintiff or Defendant that pleaded the Plea.


Sheriffs Torns.

LXXV. And that every of the said Sheriffs shall keep and hold their Torns yearly after Easter and Michaelmas, as they have been used in England.


Fines forfeit in Torns, &c.

LXXVI. Item, The King's Highness shall have all manner of Fines, Issues, Amerciaments, and Forfeitures lost or forfeited in any of the said Counties, Hundreds, Courts and Torns, to his own Use, and the Sheriff to account for the same accordingly.


The Estreats afferred by the Justices or Assise.

The Sheriff may award Execution.

LXXVII. Item, That the Estreats of the said Torns, Counties and Hundreds shall be viewed, and the Fines, Issues and Amerciaments afferred by the said Justices of Assises of that Circuit, before the levying of the same Amerciaments or other Forfeitures; (2) and that no Sheriff, or any of his Officers, presume to gather or levy any such Amerciament, or other Forfeiture, before the said Estreat be so afferred, upon Pain to forfeit to the King's Use xl. s. (3) And that the Sheriff upon every Judgment had before him in his County or Hundred Court, in any Plaint under xl. s. shall and may award a Capias ad statisfaciendum, to arrest the Party condemned, or else a Fieri fac', at the Liberty of the Party pursuant.


Sheriffs Fees for executing several Writs.

LXXVIII. Item, That all Bills sued before the said Justices in personal Actions, whereof the Debt, Duty or Damage is under xl. s. the Sheriffs shall have for the Return of every Bill ij. d. (2) and every Venire fac', Tales, Habeas corp', and Distr', ij. d. and for Writs of Execution upon the Judgment in any such Bill, xij. d.


Bills sued before the Justices.

LXXIX. Item, In Bills sued before the said Justices in Actions personal above the Sum of xl. s. the Sheriff shall have, for the Return of every such Bill, iv. d. and for the Return of every Venire fac', Habeas corp', Distr' and Tales, iv. d. and for every Writ of Execution ij. s. (2) And in all personal Actions sued by original Writs returnable before the said Justices, the Sheriff shall have for every Iterum sum' Distr'and alias Distr', iv. d. and for every Venire fac', Habeas corp', Distr'and Tales, vj. d. and for every Writ of Execution to be executed upon the Judgment in such Actions, ij. s. For the serving of every Writ ofElegit, vj. s. viij. d.(3) And in all real Actions, or mixt, pursued before the said Justices by original Writ, for Return of every Original, ij. s. and for the Return of every other Writ and judicial Process depending upon the same, before Judgment, ij. s. and for every Writ of Execution after Judgment, upon every Original, in Actions real or mixt, ij. s. and for the serving of every Writ of Haberi fac' seisinam, vj. s. viij. d.


Attachments or other Process sued by original, &c.

LXXX. Item, For Attachments upon Capias, or other Process sued before the said Justices by original or judicial Writ, if he return Cepi Corpus, ij. s. and for a Reddit se, upon an Exigent of Felony, in Appeal of Murder or Maim, or upon any Indictment of Felony or Murder, ij. s. (2) and upon a Reddit se, upon an Exigent of Debt, Trespass, Detinue, and all other Actions personal, i. s. (3) and for the making ofReplegiar', i. s. and Withernam upon the same, i. s. (4) For the Return of every Writ of Appeal of Murder or Felony, or Maim, i. s. and upon all other Process grown upon the same, as Venire fac', Tales, Habeas corp' and Distr', i. s. (5) and in every Action taken before the Sheriff by Justices, for the Summons thereof,iv. d. and for every other Process thereupon, iv. d. and for every Prisoner delivered by Acquittal, or by Proclamation, for any manner of Felony, i. s.


Suspect Persons may be put under common Mainprise.

27 H. 8. c. 26.

LXXXI. Item, That every Sheriff, within the Limits of his Authority, may and shall put such Persons under common Mainprise, as they have reasonable Cause of Suspect, according to the said Act made forWales, binding such as they shall so put to common Mainprise with two sufficient Sureties with them, by Recognisance, to appear before the said Justices within the Limits of their Authorities, at the next great Sessions, to be holden next after the taking of such Bonds, and shall certify the Names of them that be bound, before the said Justices at the said Sessions accordingly, without Concealment thereof, at their Pleasure.


Sheriffs Fees for common Mainprise, and serving of Writs.

LXXXII. Item, That every Person that the Sheriff taketh to common Mainprise, to appear before the said Justices as is aforesaid, shall pay for his Mainprise ij. d. and not above; (2) and the said Sheriffs to put no Man to common Mainprise, but such as be suspect, and as shall be returned by them before the said Justices at their Sessions as is aforesaid. (3) And also the said Sheriff shall have, for the Return of a Writ of false Judgment, out of a base Court, before the said Justices, ij. s. and that the said Sheriffs shall take no manner of Fee for the Return of any of the said Writs of Execution afore expressed, unless he return the same executed.


Fees shall be rated, augmented and diminished by the President, Council and Justices.

LXXXIII. Item, That in all and every such Writs, Original or Judicial, or other Process, Pleas or Writings, which be not expressed in this Ordinance, the Fees thereof, as well for the Seals as Writing, shall be rated by the said President, Council and Justices, or three of them, whereof the said President to be one, by their Discretions from Time to Time, as the Case shall require; (2) and that they shall have full Power and Authority from Time to Time to assess and appoint what Fee the said Sheriffs, Escheators and Coroners and their Ministers, Prenotaries and their Clerks, and other Ministers of Justice in the said Shires, shall have, take and receive of the King's Subjects for any manner Writs, Plaints, Pleas, Process, Returns, or any other Matter or Thing concerning or belonging to the Execution of their Offices and Rooms, and to augment or diminish any Fee or Fees above declared, as shall be thought by their Discretions to be convenient and meet for the Commonwealth of the King's Subjects of those Parts of Wales; any Thing contained in this Act to the contrary thereof notwithstanding.


No Felon of to his Fine, but may be reprieved.

LXXXIV. Item, That from henceforth no manner of Person or Persons, for Murder or for Felony, shall be put to his Fine, but suffer according to the Laws of the Realm of England, except it please the King's Majesty to pardon him or them; (3) and if the said Justices see Cause of Pity, or other Consideration, they may reprieve the Prisoner till they have advertised the King's Majesty of the Matter.


A Confirmation of 26 H. 8. c. 6. concerning Inquiry of Offences done in Wales in the Counties next adjoining. Mod Cases in Law 136.

LXXXV. Item, That the Act made in the Parliament holden in the twenty-sixth Year of the most Royal Reign of the King's Majesty, concerning (among other Things) Inquisitions and Trials of counterfeiting, washing, clipping and minishing of the King's Coin, Murders, Felons and Accessaries to the same, perpetrated or done within Wales, to be had, made and determined in the next Shire or County within England adjoining, where the King's Writ runneth, and every Article therein contained, shall stand in his full Strength and Force, according to the Tenor and Effect of the same; any Thing in this said Ordinance, or any other Act, Cause or Matter heretofore had or made to the contrary thereof notwithstanding.


'LXXXVI. And albeit the same Act as yet was never put in Execution for any of the said Offences heretofore done or committed within any of the said three Shires of North-Wales; that is to say, the Counties of Anglesey, Caernarvan and Merioneth,' (2) be it now declared and enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That the said Act, and every Article therein contained, shall from henceforth take Effect, and be executed in all Points for and concerning any of the said Offences perpetrated and done, or that hereafter shall be perpetrated or done, within the said County of Merioneth, to be enquired of, heard and determined within the County of Salop, in like Manner and Form as commonly is and hath been used for any of the same or like Offences committed or done within any other County of South Wales; any Matter or Cause heretofore risen or grown to the contrary thereof notwithstanding.


Abertannad annexed to Salop, and within the Hundred of Oswestre.

LXXXVII. Item, That the Town or Hamlet of Abertannad, and all the Grounds and the Soil within the same, which afore this Time hath been taken, reputed and used as Parcel of the said County of Merioneth, shall from the Feast of Easternext coming, by Virtue of this Act, be united, annexed and made Parcel of the said County of Salop; and so from thenceforth to be reputed, taken and used for ever, and not to be of any other Shire or County of Wales; (2) and that the same Town or Hamlet, and all the Ground and Soil within the same Town or Hamlet, be from and after the said Feast accepted and taken as Part and Parcel of the Hundred of Oswestre; (3) and that the Inhabitants thereof from the said Feast shall be attendant, and do every Thing and Things with the Inhabitants of the said Hundred of Oswestre, as the same Inhabitants do or be bound to do; any Laws or Customs to the contrary thereof notwithstanding.


Foreign Plea of Voucher triable in any other Shire in Wales or England.

LXXXVIII. Item, In case any foreign Plea or Voucher be hereafter pleaded or made before any of the said Justices of Wales, between Party and Party, triable in any other Shire within Wales, than where the same Plea is pleaded or Voucher made; that then the said Justices, afore whom the same Plea or Voucher is or shall be pleaded or made, shall and may send the King's Writ, with a Transcript of the Record mentioning the same foreign Matter of Plea or Voucher, under the Seal to him committed, unto the Justice of the County where the same Matter is or shall be triable, commanding the said Justice, by Virtue of the said Writ, to proceed to the Trial thereof according to the King's Laws and Statutes; which Trial so before him had, he shall remand with the whole Record unto the Justice before whom the said Plea or Voucher was pleaded or made, who thereupon shall proceed to Judgment, as the Case shall require.


LXXXIX. Item, In case the same foreign Plea, Voucher or other Matter so pleaded, be triable within this Realm of England, that then in every such Case the Justice, afore whom the same Plea or Voucher is or shall be pleaded, had or made, shall and may proceed to the Trial thereof, as shall appertain, within the same Shire of Wales, where the same Plea, Voucher or Matter was pleaded; the said foreign Plea, Voucher, or any other Thing or Matter to the contrary thereof notwithstanding.


No Rumours, Tumults, unlawful Assemblies or Outcries shall be in Wales.

XC. Item, That no Manner of Person or Persons from henceforth, without lawful Authority, shall make any Rumours, Tumults, unlawful Assemblies or Outcries at any of the said Courts or Sessions, nor any Outcries and unlawful Assemblies in great Numbers at any other Time or Times, except it be for the Apprehension or pursuing of Murtherers or Felons; upon Pain of Imprisonment and grievous Fine to be taxed and set upon them by the said President and Council, or by the Justices or other Officer before whom such Misdemeanor shall happen to be committed.


All Lands in Wales shall be English Tenure, and not partable.

27 H. 8. c. 26.

XCI. Item, That all Manors, Lands, Tenements, Messuages and other Hereditaments, and all Rights and Titles to the same, in any of the said Shires of Wales, descended to any Manner Person or Persons sith the Feast of the Nativity of St. John Baptist in the thirty-third Year of our said Sovereign Lord's Reign, or that hereafter shall descend, be taken, enjoyed, used, and holden as English Tenure, to all Intents, according to the Common Laws of this Realm of England, and not to be partable among Heirs Males, after the Custom of Gavelkind, as heretofore in divers Parts of Wales hath been used and accustomed. (2) And that the same Law, from and after the said Feast of St. John Baptist, in the said thirty-third Year, be used, taken, and exercised in the said County of Monmouth, and in all such Lordships and other Places as by Virtue of the said Act made in the said twenty-seventh Year, or by any other Act or Acts made or to be made, where and shall be annexed, united, or knit to any of the Shires of Salop, Hereford, Gloucester, or other Shire; any Laws, Usages, or Customs heretofore had or used to the contrary thereof notwithstanding.


Mortgages of Lands in Wales.

XCII. Item, That no Mortgages of Lands, Tenements, or Hereditaments made or had after the said Feast of St. John Baptist, which was in the said thirty-third Year of the Reign of our said Sovereign Lord, or that hereafter shall be had or made within any of the said Shires or Places, shall be hereafter allowed or admitted, otherwise than after the Course of the Common Laws or Statutes of the Realm of England; any Usage or Custom heretofore had to the contrary thereof notwithstanding.


All Persons may sell their Lands, or demise them after the Manner of England.

XCIII. Item, It shall be lawful to all Persons to aliene, sell, or otherwise put away their Lands, Tenements, and Hereditaments within the said Country or Dominion of Wales, the County of Monmouth, and other Places annexed to any of the Shires of England, from them and their Heirs, to any Person or Persons in Fee-simple or Fee-tail, for Term of Life, or for Term of Years, after the Manner and according as is used by the Laws of the Realm of England; any Welsh Law or Custom heretofore used in the said Country or Dominion of Wales to the contrary thereof notwithstanding. This Article to take Effect from and after the said Feast of the Nativity of St. John Baptist, which was in the said thirty-third Year of our said Sovereign Lord's Reign.


Persons having Lands in Wales bound by Statute in England.

XCIV. Item, If any Person or Persons having Lands or Tenements within the said Dominion of Wales, been, or hereafter shall be bound within the Realm of England, by Obligation upon the Statute of the Staple, or by Recognizance, and pay not the Debt as shall appertain, that then upon Certificate thereof made unto the King's Chancery of England, by the Clerk of the Staple, or by any Justice of Record before whom such Recognizance shall be knowledged, Process shall be made to the Sheriffs of Wales out of the Chancery ofEngland after the Form as is used to be made upon Statutes and Recognizances, by the Course of the Laws of England, for the due levying and paying of the said Debt.



Recognizances taken in the King's Bench or Common-place.

XCV. Provided always, and be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That for such Recognizances as be or hereafter shall be taken and knowledged before the King's Justices of his Highness Bench or Common-place in England, Process shall be had and pursued immediately out from the said Justices, as is used upon Recognisances taken before the said Justices by the common Course of the Laws of England.


Writs, Bills, Plaints, &c.

XCVI. Item, That all such Writs, Bills, Plaints, Pleas, Process, Challenges and Trials, shall be used throughout all the Shires aforesaid, before the said Justices in their Sessions, as is used in North Wales, or as shall be devised by the said President, Council and Justices, or three of them, whereof the said President to be one, for the good Ministration of Justice to be had in every of the said Shires.


33 H. 8. c. 13.

Indictments or Presentments made for Suits depending in Lordships that were removed from one County to another.

'XCVII. Item, Where the Lordship of Hope, with divers other Lordships, Parishes, Towns and Hamlets, were by an Act of Parliament made in the thirty-third Year of the Reign of our said Sovereign Lord appointed and translated from the said County of Denbigh to the County of Flint, and by the same Act were made Part, Parcel, and Members of the same County of Flint, afore which Appointment or Translation divers Indictments and Presentments, as well of Felony as other Offences, were had and taken for the King's Highness, before the Justice of the said County of Denbigh, in the great Sessions there, and some before the Justices of the Peace within the same County, for Offences supposed to be done within divers of the said Lordships so translated, and also divers Judgments given at the Suit of the Parties before the said Justices; and some before the Sheriff of the said County of Denbigh, for Matters risen and grown within the Precinct of the said Lordships or other Places, before the Translation of the same:' (2) It is now ordained and enacted, that all the said Indictments and Presentments shall be heard, tried, and determined within the said County of Denbigh, by Persons as well of the said Lordship or Place where the said Offences were done or committed, as of other Place or Places within the said County of Denbigh, in Manner and Form, as though the said Translations had never been had ne made: (3) And also that the said Judgments as before given or had between Party and Parties, before any Justice of Record or other Officer within the said County of Denbigh, for any Matter or Cause, appearing by the Record of the same to be grown and risen within any of the said Lordships, Parishes, Towns, or Hamlets so translated, shall and may be executed by the Sheriff of the said County of Denbigh within any of the same Lordships, or other Place so translated; the said Translation, or any other Cause or Matter to the contrary thereof notwithstanding.


XCVIII. Item, Like Law and Order to be kept and ministred upon all other like Translations of any other Lordships, Manors, Towns, Parishes, and other Places within Wales, had, made or done in this present Parliament, or any other afore or after the same Translations, or any other Cause or Matter to the contrary thereof notwithstanding.


Suits tried at a petty Sessions.

No Suit by Bill under xx s.

XCIX. Item, Where there shall be divers and many Suits taken before the said Justices in Pleas personal, which (as it is thought) cannot be tried before them in the Time of the said great Sessions, for Brevity of Time: Therefore, and for the speedy Trial of these Matters, the Issues taken in the said Suits shall and may be tried at a petty Sessions, before the Deputy Justices there, as is and hath been used in the said three Shires of North Wales; except such of the said Suits, as by the Discretion of the said Justices shall be thought necessary to be tried before themselves, within their Limits; (2) and that there shall be no Suit taken before any of the said Justices by Bill, under the Sum of twenty Shillings.


No Agreement shall be made with a Felon without Consent of the President, &c.

C. Item, If any Murder or Felony hereafter be committed or done within Wales, that then the Party or Parties to whom any such Offence shall hap to be committed, shall in no wise make any End or Agreement with the Offenders in that Behalf, nor with any other in his Name or Behalf, unless the said Party first make the said President and Council, or one of the said Justices, privy unto the same, (2) upon Pain of Imprisonment, and grievous Fine to be set and adjudged at the Discretion of the said President, Council and Justices, or two of them, whereof the said President to be one; the same Pain and Penalty to extend as well to and against such as shall labour, move, or procure any such End or Agreement made, although the same Labour, Motion, or Procurement never take Effect, to make any End or Agreement, as against him or them with whom such End or Agreement shall be made, if the same happen to take Effect.


32 H. 8. c. 20.

Franchises of Lordships in Wales, and the Marches of the same.

27 H. 8. c. 26.

'CI. Item, Where divers Lordships Marchers, as well in Wales, as in the Borders of the same, now being by Act of Parliament annexed to divers Shires of England, be lately come to the King's Hands by Suppression of Houses, by Purchase or Attainders, and now be under the Survey of the Court of Augmentations, or of the King's general Surveyors, the Liberties, Franchises, and Customs of all which Lordships be lately revived by Act of Parliament made in the thirty-second Year of his most gracious Reign;' nevertheless his Majesty willeth and commandeth, that no other Liberties, Franchises, or Customs shall from henceforth be used, claimed, or exercised within the said Lordships, nor any other Lordships within Wales, or the County of Monmouth, whosoever be Lord or Owner of the same, but only such Liberties, Franchises and Customs, as be given and commanded to the Lords of the same Lordships, by Force and Virtue of the said Act of Parliament made for Wales, in the said twenty-seventh Year of his Grace's Reign, and not altered ne taken away by this Ordinance; the said Act made in the said thirty-second Year, or any other Act, Grant, Law, or Custom to the contrary thereof notwithstanding.


Peaceable Possession of Lands five Years.

CII. Item, That if any Person or Persons, their Ancestors, or they whose Estate the same Person or Persons have or hath, in peaceable Possession of any Lands or Tenements in Wales, by the Space of five Years, without Lett, Interruption, or lawful Claim: That then the same Person or Persons shall still continue their Possession, until such Time as it shall be lawfully recovered against them by the Order of the King's Laws, or by Decree of the President and Council there.


Jury de circumstantibus.

CIII. Item, In Actions Personal, taken and pursued before the said Justices in Wales, by original Writ or Bill, if nine of the Jury be sworn to try the Issue between the Party Plaintiff and the Defendant, and the Residue of the said Jury make Default, or be tried out: Then the Sheriffs shall and may immediately return other Names in the said Jury, de circumstantibus, unto such Time there be twelve Men sworn to try the Issue between them, as before the Justices of North Wales hath been afore used and accustomed in such Cases.


No Sale of stolen Goods shall change the Property.

CIV. Item, That if any Goods or Chattels be stolen by any Person or Persons, and sold in any Fair or Market within the said Dominion of Wales, that no such Sale change the Property thereof from the Owner of the same, but that he may lawfully seize, take and have the same again, upon Proof thereof made, the said Sale notwithstanding.


None shall buy Cattle out of the Market.

CV. Item, That no Person or Persons bargain or buy any manner of Beast or other quick Cattle in any Place within Wales, out of the Market or Fair, unless he can bring forth sufficient and credible Witness of the Name of the Person, what Place and Time he bought the same, upon Pain and Danger of such Punishment and Fine as shall be set upon him by the said President and Council, or any of the said Justices in his Circuit, for the said Offence, and as he will therefore answer at his further Peril.


Following of stolen Goods.

CVI. Item, If any Goods or Chattels be stolen within the Limits of any of the said Shires in Wales, that then upon Suit thereof had and made, the Track shall be followed from Township to Township, or Lordship to Lordship, according to the Laws and Customs in that Behalf heretofore used in Wales, upon such Penalty and Danger as therefore hath been accustomed.


A Freeholder may pass in any Jury.

CVII. Item, That every Person that hath any Lands or Tenements in Fee-simple or Fee-tail, or for Term of Life, or for Term of any other Man's Life, being Freehold, shall and may pass in all manner Juries and Trials, as well in case of Felony or Murder, as in all Actions real, personal and mixt, whatsoever they be, Attaint only except; (2) and also may be impanelled, and inquire of all Concealments forcible Entries, and other Causes of Inquiry for the King's Majesty, albeit he may not dispend forty Shillings by the Year; (3) saving to every Man his lawful Challenge for any other Cause, according to the Laws of this Realm of England.


Juror in Attaint.

CVIII. Item, That no Juror shall pass in Attaint, unless he may dispend forty Shillings by the Year of Estate of Freehold.


Tallage at the Change of Lords.

CIX. Item, The Tenants and Resiants in Walesshall pay their Tallage at the Change of their Lords in such Places, and after such Form, as hath been heretofore accustomed in Wales.


Knights for Shires, Burgesses.

27 H. 8. c. 26.

Subsidies and Charges.

Fines for Redemption of Sessions remitted.

CX. Item, That all the King's Subjects and Resiants in Wales shall find, at all Parliaments hereafter to be holden in England, Knights for the Shires, and Citizens and Burgesses for Cities and Towns, to be named and chosen by Authority of the King's Writ under the Great Seal of England, according to the Act in that Case provided, (2) and shall be charged and chargeable to all Subsidies and other Charges to be granted by the Commons of any of the said Parliaments, (3) and pay all other their Rents, Farms, Customs and Duties to the King's Highness, as they have been accustomed heretofore; Fines for Redemption of Sessions only excepted, which the King's Majesty of his most gracious Goodness and Liberality is contented and pleased to remit at the humble Suit of his said loving Subjects of his said Dominion of Wales.


Haverford a Burgess.

CXI. Item, That the Town of Haverfordwestshall after the End of this present Parliament for ever find one Burgess for the said Town, at every Parliament after that Time to be holden: (2) And the Charges of the same Burgess to be always born by the Mayor, Burgesses and Inhabitants of the said Town, and none other.


Felons Goods, Waifs, Strays.

CXII. Item, That the King's Majesty shall have all Felons Goods, and Goods of Persons outlawed, Waifs, Strays and all other Forfeitures and Escheats whatsoever they be, answered thereof by the Hands of the Sheriffs, saving always the Rights and Interests of every of his Subjects having lawful Title to have the same.


In what Courts Errors in Wales shall be redressed.

CXIII. Item, That all Errors and Judgments before any of the said Justices at any Time of the great Sessions, in Pleas real or mixt, shall be redressed by Writ of Error, to be sued out of the King's Chancery ofEngland, returnable before the King's Justices of his Bench in England, as other Writs of Error be in England. (2) And that all Errors in Pleas personal shall be reformed by Bills to be sued before the said President and Council of Wales, from Time to Time, as the Party grieved will sue for the same. (3) And if in case the Judgment be affirmed good in any of the said Writs of Error or Bills, then there to make Execution, and all other Process thereupon, as is used in the King's Bench of England: (4) And that the Pursuants in every such Writ of Error or Bill do pay like Fees therefore as is used in England.


False Judgment.

CXIV. Item, That no Execution of any Judgment given or to be given in any base Court be stayed or deferred by reason of any Writ of False Judgment, but that Execution shall and may be had and made at all Times before the Reversal of the said Judgment, the Pursuit of the said Writ notwithstanding. (2) And in Case the said Judgment happen after to be reversed, then the Party pursuant to be restored to all that he hath lost by the said Judgment, according to the Laws of the Realm of England.


Process for weighty Causes.

CXV. Item, That all Process for urgent and weighty Causes shall be made and directed into Wales by the special Commandment of the Chancellor of England for the Time being, or any of the King's Council in England, as heretofore hath been used; any Thing in this Act to the contrary thereof notwithstanding.


Bewdley shall be within the County of Worcester.

CXVI. Item, That the Town of Bewdley, which is within the Parish of Ribbesford in the County ofWigorn, and all the Ground and Soil of the same Town, shall from henceforth be united, annexed and made Parcel of the County of Wigorn, and to be within the Hundred of Dodingtre. (2) And that all the Inhabitants of the said Town and Parish shall from henceforth be attendant, and do every Thing and Things with the Inhabitants of the said Hundred, as the same Inhabitants be now bound to do by the Laws of this Realm of England. (3) Saving always to the Burgesses and Inhabitants of the said Town of Bewdleyall such Liberties and Franchises as they lawfully had and exercised within the said Town before the making of this Act, in like Manner and Form as though this Act had never been had nor made.


Llanstiffan, Langham and Usterloys shall be within the County of Caermarthen.

CXVII. Item, That the Lordship of Llanstiffan, Usterloys and Langham, and the Members of the same, and all Manors, Lands, Tenements and other Hereditaments in the same Lordship, and the Members of the same, be from henceforth united, annexed, joined, named, accepted and taken as Part and Parcel of the County of Caermarthen, and reputed, joined, united, named, accepted and taken as Part and Parcel of the Hundred of Derles in the said County of Caermarthen. (2) And that the Tenants and Inhabitants of the said Lordships and Members be attendant, and do every Thing and Things with the Tenants and Inhabitants of the said Hundred of Derles, as the said Inhabitants now be bound to do, according to the Laws there used.


County Court of Radnor.

27 H. 8. c. 26.

CXVIII. Item, That the County or Shire Court of the County of Radnor shall from henceforth be holden one Time at New Radnor, and one other Time at Preston, alternis vicibus, and never from henceforth to be kept or holden at Rather Gowey; any former Act or other Thing to the contrary thereof notwithstanding.


The King may add and alter Laws and Ordinances.

This Branch is repealed 21 Jac. 1. c. 10. § 4.

CXIX. Item, It is further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That the King's most Royal Majesty shall and may, at all Times hereafter from Time to Time, change, add, alter, order, minish and reform all manner of Things afore rehearsed, as to his most excellent Wisdom and Discretion shall be thought convenient; (2) and also to make Laws and Ordinances for the common Wealth and good Quiet of his said Dominion of Wales and his Subjects of the same, from Time to Time, at his Majesty's Pleasure; any thing contained in this Act, or in the said Act made for the said Shire-Ground of Wales, or any other Act or Acts, Thing or Things, to the contrary thereof heretofore made in any wise notwithstanding.


CXX. And that all such Alterations of the Premisses, or any Part thereof; and all such Laws and Ordinances to be hereafter made, devised and published by Authority of this Act, by the King's Majesty, in Writing under his Highness Great Seal, shall be of as good Strength, Virtue and Effect, as if they had been had and made by Authority of Parliament.


How much the King's Farmer of the Subsidy of Woollen Cloths in Wales shall take for the sealing of a Cloth.

CXXI. Item, Be it further enacted and ordained by Authority aforesaid, That where the King's Majesty that now is, by his Letters Patents bearing Date the first Day of May in the thirty-fourth Year of his most prosperous Reign, demised and granted to William Webbe the Subsidy and Usage of all Woollen Clothes made or to be made in the County of Monmouth, and in the twelve Shires of Wales, that is to say, in the County of Brecknock, Radnor, Montgomery, Caermarthen, Glamorgan, Pembroke, Cardigan, Anglesey, Flint, Denbigh, Caernarvan and Merioneth, and in all singular Towns and other Places whatsoever they be, within the Precinct and Limits of the said Counties, and elsewhere within the Dominion of Wales; to have and hold to the said William Webbe and his Assigns, for certain Years yet enduring, (2) that the said William Webbe, his Deputies and Assigns, shall have from henceforth full Power and Authority, by Force of this Act, to take for the sealing of every Woollen Cloth hereafter to be made in the said twelve Shires, and elsewhere within the said Dominion of Wales, as hereafter is declared, and none otherwise; that is to say, for every whole Piece of Frize, j. d. every half Piece of Frize, ob. every Piece of Cotton and Lining being xxiv.Yards and under, ob. and for every Piece of the same being above xxiv.Yards, j. d. of every Broad-Cloth,j. d. of every Piece or Kersey being xviij. Yards and above, j. d. of every Piece of Kersey being under xviij.Yards, ob.


Cloths made within the Owners House not put to Sale.

CXXII. Provided always, That this Act, ne nothing therein contained, extend not to charge any manner of Person or Persons, being or that hereafter shall be Inhabitant in any of the said twelve Shires, or elsewhere within the Dominion of Wales, for any Clothes, Frizes, Kerseys, or Linings made or hereafter to be made and occupied within their Houses, and not to put to Sale to any Person or Persons, but to their Servants for their wearing.


The Aulnager in Wales bound to the Laws of England.

CXXIII. And further be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That the said Aulnager in Wales, by himself, or by his sufficient Deputy or Deputies, shall in all Things to his Office appertaining, do and be bound to do and answer in every Case, like and according as all and every other Aulnager in the Realm ofEngland doth or ought to do, according to the Laws and Statutes of the Realm of England; and for the contrary doing or exercising of the said Office, shall in every Case and Degree suffer, as by the said Laws and Statutes is ordained, established or enacted for Aulnagers under the Lord Treasurer of England for the Time being.


Haverfordwest a County in itself.

The judicial Seal of Pembroke, &c.

CXXIV. And furthermore the King's Majesty is contented and pleased, notwithstanding the Statute made in the twenty-seventh Year of his most gracious Reign, That where there should be but twelve Shires in Wales, that the Town of Haverfordwestshall be a County in itself as it hath been before this Time used, at the Will and Pleasure of the King's said Majesty; (2) and that it shall be separated from the County ofPembroke at the King's said Pleasure. (3) And that the King's High Justice of the said County of Pembroke, shall be High Justice of the said County and Town of Haverfordwest, and shall have like Power and Authority, to and for the Administration of Justice within the said County and Town of Haverfordwest, as is limited and appointed to the said Justice to and for the Administration of Justice in the said County of Pembroke. (4) And that the Mayor, Sheriff, Bailiffs and Burgesses of the said County and Town of Haverfordwest, from Time to Time, shall be as well attendant, and obey all Precepts and Commandments of the President and Council of our said Sovereign Lord the King in his Marches of Wales, as also shall be attendant to all Precepts and Process awarded or directed by the said High Justice unto the Sheriff of the said County and Town of Haverfordwest, and to make Return thereof. (5) And the said Sheriff of the said County and Town shall serve all Precepts and Process directed from the said High Justice, in like Manner and Form as the Sheriff of the said County of Pembroke is bound to do, and according to the Effect and Purport of the King's Ordinances in that Behalf had, made and provided. (6) And that it shall be lawful unto the said Mayor, Sheriffs, Bailiffs and Burgesses of the said County and Town of Haverfordwest aforesaid, to use and exercise all lawful Liberties and Grants, by the King's Majesty or his noble Progenitors to them granted and confirmed at the King's Majesty's Will and Pleasure, according to the Laws of the Realm ofEngland, and not otherwise (7) And that the judicial Seal of the said Shires of Pembroke, Caermarthenand Cardigan, being in the Custody and Keeping of the King's High Justice there for the Time being, shall be used in the said County and Town of Haverfordwst, as the original and judicial Seal of the said Town and County. (8) And that the said Justice of the said Shires of Pembroke, Caermarthenand Cardigan, shall have like Power and Authority, by Virtue of the King's Letters Patents to him made, as well to do all and every Thing and Things concerning common Justice to be ministered within the said Town and County of Haverfordwest, as he hath in his said Letters Patents within any of the said Shires of Pembroke, Caermarthen and Cardigan.


CXXV. Provided alway, That this Article touching and concerning the County and Town of Haverfordwest, and all Things therein contained, shall stand and endure but only at the King's Majesty's Will and Pleasure, and none otherwise.


This Act prejudicial to no Man's Inheritance.

CXXVI. Provided alway, That this Act or any Thing therein contained shall not be prejudicial nor hurtful to any Person or Persons, or Bodies Politick, for or concerning any Lands, Tenements, Rents, Services, Bondmen, Tolls or other Hereditaments; but that they and every of them, their Heirs, Successors and Assigns, and the Heirs, Successors and Assigns of every of them, shall have, hold and enjoy their Lands, Tenements, Rents, Services, Bondmen and other their Hereditaments, in such like Manner, Form and Condition, as they had the same before the making of this Act, and as if this Act had never been had ne made.


Every of the King's Officers may enjoy his Office and Fees as he did before.

CXXVII. Provided also, That this Act nor any Thing therein contained shall be hurtful or prejudicial to any Person or Persons, for or concerning any Office or Offices, which they or any of them have by Virtue of any of the King's Letters Patents, being now in Force before the making of this Act, nor to the Fees of Money used and accustomed to be paid for the Exercise of any such Offices, but that every Person and Persons having such Offices and Fees, and their Substitutes and Deputies, shall and may have and exercise their said Offices as is limited by this Act, and as they might have done before the making of this Act, and shall also have and perceive all such Fees for the Exercise of the said Offices, in as large and ample Manner, Form and Condition, as they might afore the making of this Act, and as if this Act had never been had ne made.


No Gavelkind Land, but descendable according to the Course of the Common Law.

CXXVIII. Provided always, That all Lands, Tenements and Hereditaments, within the said Dominion of Wales, shall descend to the Heirs, according to the Course of the Common Laws of the Realm ofEngland, according to the Tenor and Effect of this Act, and not to be used as Gavelkind; any Thing contained in these Provisions or any of them to the contrary thereof notwithstanding.


The Offices and Fees of George Blunt reserved.

CXXIX. Provided always, That this Act, ne any Clause, Article or Thing therein contained, be in any wise prejudicial or hurtful to George Blunt Esquire, Son and Heir of Sir John Blunt Knight, deceased, for or concerning the Offices of Stewardships of the King's Lordships, or Manors of Bewdly and Clebury, or any other Office or Offices heretofore granted unto the said George Blunt by the King's Letters Patents, sealed under the Great Seal of England, for Term of Life of the same George, or for or concerning any Fees, Wages, Rewards, Annuities, Profits, Commodities, Advantages or Emoluments, appertaining or belonging unto the said Offices or any of them; but that the said George, his Deputy and Deputies, shall and may at all Time and Times, during the Life of the same George, have, hold, exercise and enjoy the same Offices, and every of them, and also perceive, levy and take the Fees, Wages, Rewards, and all other Profits and Commodities to the same Offices, and every of them, or to any of them belonging, or in any wise appertaining, in as large and ample Manner, Form and Condition to all Intents, Constructions and Purposes, as though this Act had never been had or made; any Thing before in this Act contained to the contrary notwithstanding.


All Liberties of the Duchy used as before.

For farther Provisions concerning Wales, see 1 Ed. 6. c. 10. 1 & 2 P. & M. c. 15. 5 El. c. 25 & 28. 18 El. c. 8. 27 El. c. 9. 19 Car. 2. c. 5. 1 W. & M. stat. 1. c. 27. 5 W. & M. c. 4. 7 & 8 W. 3. c. 38. 11 & 12 W. 3. c. 9. 8 Geo. 1. c. 25. 6 Geo. 2. c. 14. and 20 Geo. 2. c. 42. sect. 3.

CXXX. Provided always, That all Liberties, Franchises and Privileges of the Duchy of Lancaster, or in any wise appertaining to the same, shall be of the same Force, Plight, Quality, Goodness and Condition, and may be used in as large and ample Manner, as they were before the making of this Act, and as if this Act had never been had nor made; any Thing in this Act to the contrary thereof notwithstanding.